How to Cook Outdoors: Cree Bannock

How to Cook Outdoors: Indian Bannock

Bannock, as many of you will already know, is a traditional Scottish bread that has become a perennial favourite of the outdoorsman. Its popularity has much to do with its relative simplicity when it comes to the ingredients required and the method of preparation. When cooked correctly, the end result is a filling, warming bread that is packed with energy to sustain you on the trail.

There are numerous ways of cooking bannock, with each region commonly having its own take on the standard method. In Australia (where it is referred to as ‘damper’) it is sometimes cooked straight on the embers of the fire; in the far North it is more often cooked in a frying pan. In Northern America, the dish was quickly adopted by indigenous peoples after it was introduced by fur traders. In order to free up cooking equipment for other jobs, the Cree and other First Nations utilised a less common technique of cooking their bannock skewered on a stick, and this is the method we have followed here.

The dish shown in this article served three people.


  • 4 x handfuls of flour
  • 2 x handfuls of milk powder
  • 4 x teaspoons of baking powder
  • Sugar (to taste)
  • Water
  • 1 x handful of mixed fruit
  • Butter


1. Add the flour, milk powder, baking powder and sugar to a large bowl or pan.

How to Cook Outdoors: Indian Bannock

2. Sift the ingredients thoroughly with a wooden spoon. It is very important at this stage to aerate the dry ingredients.

How to Cook Outdoors: Indian Bannock

3. Make a well in the pan and gradually add water. Stir the mixture until it binds into a stiff consistency.

How to Cook Outdoors: Indian Bannock

4. Taking the dough in your hands, fold and push the mixed fruit into the mixture. Take care not to force too much air from the dough.

How to Cook Outdoors: Indian Bannock

5. Find a green, non-toxic stick around an inch in diameter (for this article we used willow). Scrape it down to the bare wood and sharpen both ends.

How to Cook Outdoors: Indian Bannock

6. Thoroughly heat the stick over the fire until scorching.

How to Cook Outdoors: Indian Bannock

7. While the stick is still hot, quickly form the dough into balls and skewer them onto it, one after the other.

How to Cook Outdoors: Indian Bannock

8. Push the dough balls together until they support each other.

How to Cook Outdoors: Indian Bannock

9. Push the other end of the stick into the ground and lean it towards the embers, until the correct cooking temperature is achieved. As a rule of thumb, the bread should be placed at a height above the fire at which you can hold your hand for no more than five seconds.

How to Cook Outdoors: Indian Bannock

10. Pay a great deal of attention and turn the stick regularly during the early stages of cooking, to ensure that the bread does not sag or cook unevenly. Continue to rotate the stick until the bread is golden brown all over. As a final check, insert a clean stick into the bread, just as you would with a skewer at home; if it comes back out clean, the baking should be complete.

How to Cook Outdoors: Indian Bannock

11. Carefully remove the stick from the ground and peel away the bread. Serve whilst still warm with butter and jam.

How to Cook Outdoors: Indian Bannock

5 thoughts on “How to Cook Outdoors: Cree Bannock

  1. paul radnor

    Hi iv made bannock bread before .i will use this recipe next time I’m out in the woods while. I’m making. My bullroarers .i would like to send one to ray as a gift .and thanks to ray and his shows iv had more confidents in my selh to make spoon s out of wood


  2. Ton

    Thanks for a great post. I followed Ray’s “Cake-like bannock” recipe that I copied from one of his DVD’s and it is the most delicious bannock I’ve ever had; it is my firm favourite and my go-to recipe every time!

    Thanks for this version too, I’ll give it a go!



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